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Nextcloud

Procedure

Follow Debian 11 template

swap tuning

nano /etc/sysctl.d/88-tuning.conf

vm.swappiness = 1
vm.vfs_cache_pressure = 150

sysctl --system

install useful packages

apt install screen git gnupg rsync sudo

prerequirements installation

apt install apache2 python3-certbot-apache postgresql postgresql-client

postgresql configuration

sudo -u postgres psql

CREATE USER nextcloud WITH CREATEDB PASSWORD 'SEE-KEEPASS!';
\q

php installation

apt install php-fpm php-xml php-cli php-cgi php-pgsql php-mbstring php-gd php-curl php-zip php-json php-common php-intl php-bz2 php-gmp php-bcmath php-apcu php-pear php-ldap php-imagick libmagickcore-6.q16-6-extra

php configuration

nano /etc/php/7.4/fpm/php.ini

date.timezone = Europe/Rome

memory_limit = 1024M

post_max_size = 16G

upload_max_filesize = 16GB

opcache.enable=1
opcache.interned_strings_buffer=8
opcache.max_accelerated_files=10000
opcache.memory_consumption=128
opcache.save_comments=1
opcache.revalidate_freq=1

nano /etc/php/7.4/fpm/pool.d/www.conf

pm.max_children = 60
pm.start_servers = 12
pm.min_spare_servers = 6
pm.max_spare_servers = 18
pm.max_requests = 10000

nano /etc/php/7.4/mods-available/apcu.ini

apc.enable_cli=1

systemctl restart php7.4-fpm

firewall configuration

firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service={http,https}
firewall-cmd --reload

apache configuration

nano /etc/apache2/conf-available/security.conf

ServerTokens Prod
ServerSignature Off

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/nuvola.conf

<VirtualHost *:80>
  ServerName nuvola.scambi.org
  DocumentRoot /var/www/nextcloud
  ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/nuvola-error.log
  CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/nuvola-access.log combined

  <Directory /var/www/nextcloud/>
    Require all granted
    AllowOverride All
    Options FollowSymLinks MultiViews

    <IfModule mod_dav.c>
      Dav off
    </IfModule>

  </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

a2enmod proxy_fcgi setenvif
a2enconf php7.4-fpm
a2enmod rewrite headers
a2dissite 000-default
a2ensite nuvola
systemctl restart apache2

mkdir /var/www/nextcloud

certbot --apache -d nuvola.scambi.org

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/nuvola-le-ssl.conf

<IfModule mod_headers.c>
  Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15552000; includeSubDomains"
</IfModule>

systemctl restart apache2

crontab -e -u www-data

*/5  *  *  *  * php7.4 -f /var/www/nextcloud/cron.php

local backup

mkdir -p /var/local/backup/raw/{files,sql}
mkdir -p /var/local/backup/raw/files/var/www/nextcloud

nano /etc/fstab

/var/www/nextcloud /var/local/backup/raw/files/var/www/nextcloud none bind 0 0

mount -a

borg configuration

apt install borgbackup
mkdir -p /var/local/backup/borg

borg init /var/local/backup/borg -e repokey (see Keepass database)

nano /var/local/backup/backup_script.sh

#!/bin/bash

sudo -u www-data php7.4 /var/www/nextcloud/occ maintenance:mode --on >>/dev/null 2>&1

sleep 60

/usr/bin/rsync -a --delete -R /./etc/apache2/sites-* /var/local/backup/raw/files/ 2>&1

sleep 1

sudo -i -u postgres pg_dumpall -c > /var/local/backup/raw/sql/dump.sql

sleep 1

# variables to configure
BKP_STRING="/var/local/backup/raw/"
export BORG_REPO="/var/local/backup/borg"
export BORG_PASSPHRASE="see Keepass database"

# script start
LOG_FILE="$(dirname $0)/backup_log/$(date +%Y%m)_$(basename $0 .sh).log"

echo -e "\n$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M) - START EXECUTION" >>$LOG_FILE

echo -e "\n$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M) - START ARCHIVE CREATION\n" >>$LOG_FILE

borg create -v --stats --compression lz4 $BORG_REPO::{now:%Y%m%d-%H%M} $BKP_STRING >>$LOG_FILE 2>&1

if [ "$?" = "1" ] ; then
    echo -e "\n$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M) - BACKUP ERROR\n" >>$LOG_FILE
    export BORG_REPO=""
    export BORG_PASSPHRASE=""
    exit 1
fi

echo -e "\n$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M) - START PRUNE\n" >>$LOG_FILE
borg prune -v --list $BORG_REPO --keep-daily=7 --keep-weekly=2 >>$LOG_FILE 2>&1

if [ "$?" = "1" ] ; then
    echo -e "\n$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M) - PRUNE ERROR\n" >>$LOG_FILE
    export BORG_REPO=""
    export BORG_PASSPHRASE=""
    exit 1
fi

echo -e "\n$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M) - END EXECUTION\n" >>$LOG_FILE

export BORG_REPO=""
export BORG_PASSPHRASE=""

sleep 1

sudo -u www-data php7.4 /var/www/nextcloud/occ maintenance:mode --off >>/dev/null 2>&1

exit 0

mkdir /var/local/backup/backup_log

crontab -e

00 04 * * * /bin/bash /var/local/backup/backup_script.sh

remote backup

borg init ssh://stor1see@bckp1t4v.scambi:822/home/stor1see/borg -e repokey (see Keepass database)

nano /var/local/backup/dr_script.sh

#!/bin/bash

# variables to configure
BKP_STRING="/var/local/backup/raw/"
export BORG_REPO="ssh://stor1see@bckp1t4v.scambi:822/home/stor1see/borg"
export BORG_PASSPHRASE="see Keepass database"

# script start
LOG_FILE="$(dirname $0)/backup_log/$(date +%Y%m)_$(basename $0 .sh).log"

echo -e "\n$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M) - START EXECUTION" >>$LOG_FILE

echo -e "\n$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M) - START ARCHIVE CREATION\n" >>$LOG_FILE

borg create -v --stats --compression lz4 $BORG_REPO::{now:%Y%m%d-%H%M} $BKP_STRING >>$LOG_FILE 2>&1

if [ "$?" = "1" ] ; then
    echo -e "\n$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M) - BACKUP ERROR\n" >>$LOG_FILE
    export BORG_REPO=""
    export BORG_PASSPHRASE=""
    exit 1
fi

echo -e "\n$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M) - START PRUNE\n" >>$LOG_FILE
borg prune -v --list $BORG_REPO --keep-daily=7 --keep-weekly=4 >>$LOG_FILE 2>&1

if [ "$?" = "1" ] ; then
    echo -e "\n$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M) - PRUNE ERROR\n" >>$LOG_FILE
    export BORG_REPO=""
    export BORG_PASSPHRASE=""
    exit 1
fi

echo -e "\n$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M) - END EXECUTION\n" >>$LOG_FILE

export BORG_REPO=""
export BORG_PASSPHRASE=""
exit 0

crontab -e

00 05 * * * /bin/bash /var/local/backup/dr_script.sh

x.scambi.org

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/x.conf

<VirtualHost *:80>
  ServerName x.scambi.org
  DocumentRoot /var/www/x
  ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/x-error.log
  CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/x-access.log combined

  <Directory /var/www/x/>
    Require all granted
  </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

a2ensite x
systemctl restart apache2

mkdir /var/www/x
chown www-data: /var/www/x

certbot --apache -d x.scambi.org

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/x-le-ssl.conf

<IfModule mod_headers.c>
  Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15552000; includeSubDomains"
  Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*"
</IfModule>

systemctl restart apache2

in Nextcloud you should enable the app "External storage support" and configure the folder "x.scambi.org"

local backup

mkdir -p /var/local/backup/raw/files/var/www/x

nano /etc/fstab

/var/www/x /var/local/backup/raw/files/var/www/x none bind 0 0

mount -a


Ultimo aggiornamento: 2022-11-10
Creata: 2021-06-20